Research Projects


Evaluation of the EU school programme

Applicable since August 2017, the EU school fruit, vegetables and milk scheme combines two previous schemes (the school fruit and vegetables scheme and the school milk scheme) under a single legal framework for more efficiency and an enhanced focus on health and education. The scheme supports the distribution of aforementioned products to children from nursery to secondary school, accompanied by educational and information measures. In Bavaria the accompanying measures are subsumed in the programme „Voll in Form“.
The aim of the school scheme is to increase the awareness of the diversity of fruit, vegetables and milk(products), to raise their appreciation, and to promote healthy eating habits among children. Within our research project we evaluate the implementation and sustainable effects of the EU school programme, as well as the effectiveness of the accompanying educational measures.

Funding: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten

Funding period: April 2018 – July 2023

Contact person: Dr. Rebekka Topp

Further informationen: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/news/eu-school-scheme-2018-sep-03_en


FreeWalk: Development of economically viable and socially accepted free walk cattle housing systems

The FreeWalk project aims to develop and evaluate free walk cattle housing systems which improve animal welfare, animal health, re-use waste products, ameliorate soil structure and have positive consumer acceptance. The project is a collaboration among eight universities and research institutes throughout Europe. The free walk systems that are assessed are the compost bedded pack barn and the artificial floor, using tie-stall and cubicle housing systems as points of comparison. The project takes an integrative approach to assess case farms taking into account the entire farm: bedding, artificial floor, animal welfare, animal health, manure quality, soil structure, CPN-balances, and product quality. Societal acceptance of the housing systems is assessed at the national level. In order to integrate the results from each project component, systems analysis and economic evaluation is performed at farm, national, and European levels.

The Chair of Marketing and Consumer Research contributes to the project by assessing consumer perceptions and acceptance of food products from the four cattle housing systems (tie-stall, cubicle, compost bedded, artificial floor) with a focus on animal welfare, product quality, and food safety. Attitudes and willingness to pay for products from the housing systems are estimated.

Funding: European Commission‘s European Research Area NETwork on Sustainable Animal Production (ERA-NET SusAn) organization

Funding period: June 2017 - June 2020

Contact person: Megan Waldrop, Ph.D.

Further Information available at: www.freewalk.eu


Women in Agriculture – living and working situation, social security and the role of women in agriculture

The project examines the living and working situation of women in agriculture, their social security position, and the role of women in agriculture. The changing rural demography, the ongoing agricultural restructuring combined with changes in the understanding of gender roles affects the life of farm women. Based on a survey, the social and economic situation of women in agriculture in Bavaria are examined and compared across time using results from previous studies.

Funding: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten

Funding Period: April 2019 – December 2020

Contact person: Andrea Dehoff, M.Sc.


enable 2.0 - Healthy food choices in all stages of life

Over- and malnutrition as well as the diseases and costs associated with them represent a global challenge. The enable cluster represents an interdisciplinary consortium of leading research institutions who jointly develop new approaches to improve nutrition behavior in the population.

Focus Area 6.1: Healthy consumer choices in a complex food market environment

In this module, the Chair of Marketing and Consumer Research aims at identifying the drivers of purchase decisions for food products with a healthy nutrient profile and to improve our understanding of heterogeneous substitution behavior within selected product categories. We will derive recommendations for tailored marketing and communication strategies, for the development of new and healthier food products, and for the design of effective food and nutrition policies.

To reach these goals, we will econometrically quantify the impact of strategic variables on food choice based on comprehensive household purchase data and identify and characterize heterogeneous consumer segments according to their demographics, attitudes, and behavior. Additionally, we will identify the cognitive determinants of food choice based on implicit association tests and surveys and compare these results with findings from the market data.

Funding: Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)

Funding Period: September 2018 – August 2021

Contact Person: Dr. Matthias Staudigel, Christina Neubig

Further information available at: www.enable-cluster.de/en/


Controlling System for the Bavarian Marketing Agency for Agricultural and Food Products

The goal of this project is the development of an evaluation system for the Agency for Food Products from Bavaria". Instruments to evaluate the activities of the marketing agency are identified and aligned with the specific needs of the marketing agency.

Funding: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten

Funding Period: January 2012 – December 2019

Contact person: Dr. Corinna Hempel

Publications:

Seitz, C.C., J. Roosen (2015). Does consumer ethnocentrism influence product knowledge? Food Quality and Preference 43: 113-121.

Seitz, C.C., J. Roosen (2015). An empirical analysis of international consumers’ associations with Bavarian food products by means of concept mapping. British Food Journal 117(3), 987-1006.



SocialLab II - Livestock Farming: Acceptance through Innovation

Agricultural animal husbandry has been steadily losing its social acceptance. Besides, Germany has not yet established a discussion format regarding future political, social and market aspects of livestock farming and their importance for various stakeholders. Moreover, the current state of scientific knowledge does neither allow to predict consumer behavior towards innovative products nor the societal acceptance of these products with satisfactory accuracy.

In order to clarify these for the future of the agriculture extremely important questions, the consortium "SocialLab II - Livestock Farming: Acceptance through Innovation" was created. The Chair of Marketing and Consumer Research contributes to the project in the planning and execution of experiments using a virtual supermarket as well as via the measurement of purchasing decisions in discrete choice experiments.

Funding: Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture

Funding period: May 2019 – June 2022

Contact person: Dr. Irina Dolgopolova

Further information: www.sociallab-nutztiere.de


Consumer perception and acceptance of an recommender system enabled by artificial intelligence

This project investigates how consumers perceive AI-enabled technology aiding their consumption decisions; how socio-demographic and psychological characteristics are related to their acceptance; and if their perception can create potential barriers in the use of AI.

Using the example of a food recommender system augmented with elements of nudging, we aim to assess whether consumers perceive the technology as increasing or decreasing their well-being. An AI-enabled recommender system is not only able to learn consumer preferences from choices made in the past, but also consumer reactions to nudges and if a given nudge is effective or not. The system can use this information to construct choice environments tailored to consumer preferences and decision-making processes. Since the system is able to influence consumer choice without the consumer’s realization of being influenced, there is potential for abuse of choice-related consumer data and ethical implication related to consumer choice autonomy. Based on the results of the project, policy recommendations for informing consumers about the role of technology in consumer choice will be provided.

Funding: TUM Institute for Ethics in Artificial Intelligence

Funding period: October 2019 - September 2020

Contact person: Dr. Irina Dolgopolova


Past projects


Don’t be a Food Waster

The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) estimates that globally a third of all food produced for consumption is wasted, which equals to an amount of 1.3 billion tons per year. In European countries, consumers are responsible for about 50% of food waste and loss. Food waste does not only involve financial, but also major social and environmental impacts, e.g., related to CO2 emissions and water use. To reduce the amount of food waste is a declared goal of the United Nations as well as the European Commission. The international research project “Don’t be a Food Waster” aims at contributing to that objective. In the process, the Chair of Marketing and Consumer Research at the Technical University of Munich is involved in developing and exploring effective behavioral interventions to reduce consumer’s food waste.

Funding: EIT Food

Funding period: January 2018 – December 2018

Contact person: Christina Neubig, M.Sc.

enable 1.0 - Healthy food choices in all stages of life

The enable cluster develops new strategies to promote healthier food choices in all stages of life. The research is interdisciplinary at the interface of nutrition and food sciences, consumer science, as well as computer and communication sciences. The project wants to demonstrate that modern nutrition including convenience products and a healthy lifestyle do not have to contradict each other. The development of new and healthier products counteracts unhealthy food choices and behavior. Furthermore, the cluster utilizes modern information and communication technology to actively promote healthy food choices of consumers.

Work Package 2.7

Work package 2.7 uses life transitions (e.g., change in household size or change of job) as mechanism to promote healthier choices and to increase acceptance of the new products. The goal of the project is to support food product development through concept and market tests: Food product development should be in line with consumer feedback to ensure that the developed product is accepted by the consumer. Furthermore, the influence of health information, purchase situation and life phase on food choice is investigated.

Work Package 3.3

The aim of Work Package 3.3 is the optimization of the process of computer-based food ordering so that it leads to the choice of a more balanced diet. An experiment will be performed on an ordering terminal to gain insight into the changes in the choice route that are most effective to reach this goal.

Funding: Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).

Funding Period: June 2015 – May 2018

Contact person: Dr. Matthias Staudigel, Dr. Irina Dolgopolova

 

Publications:

Mohr, B., I. Dolgopolova, J. Roosen (2019). The Influence of Sex and Self-Control on the Efficacy of Nudges in Lowering the Energy Content of Food During a Fast Food Order. Appetite: 141.

Reitmeier, M. E., J. Roosen (2015). Life transitions and brand switching: How changes in social relationships are linked to changes in yoghurt brand and grocery chain choice. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics 63(4): 475-490.

SocialLab– Animal husbandry practices in the mirror of society

Animal husbandry practices are increasingly questioned by the public. Social expectations and modern agriculture are in many respects not in line with each other. Against this background, the research project SocialLab addresses the question how society perceives farm animal husbandry and how different actors assess the possibilities and limitations for establishing products with higher animal welfare standards on the market. The research project is carried out by a consortium led by the Thünen-Institute of Market Analysis. The Chair of Marketing and Consumer Research focuses on the role of animal husbandry practices in purchasing decisions. In particular, willingness to pay for products produced under higher animal welfare standards is analyzed. Furthermore, the Chair aims at identifying trustworthy actors for the communication of higher animal welfare standards.

Funding: Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture

Funding period: May 2015 – December 2018

Further information: www.sociallab-nutztiere.de

Publications:

Dahlhausen, J., C. Rungie, J. Roosen (2018). The value of labelling credence attributes - Common structures and individual preferences. Agricultural Economics 48: 741-751. DOI: 10.1111/agec.12456

Christoph-Schulz, I. (2018). SocialLab- Nutztierhaltung im Spiegel der Gesellschaft. Journal of Consumer Protection and Food Safety 13: 145-236.


Evaluation of the European school fruit scheme in Bavaria – An analysis of the effects on the food consumption behavior of school children and determination of enhancers and barriers

Evaluation of the European school fruit scheme in Bavaria – An analysis of the effects on the food consumption behavior of school children and determination of enhancers and barriers
During the school year 2010/11 European school children participated for the first time in the voluntary school fruit scheme that is financed by the European Union and the regions in the member states. In Bavaria more than 80% of all primary school children now participate in the program. The school fruit scheme provides school children with fruit and vegetables in school with the aim to encourage fruit and vegetable intake of children. The goal of this research project is to evaluate the implementation of the school fruit scheme in Bavaria and to determine important drivers and barriers.

Funding: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten

Funding Period: Sep. 2013 – Dez. 2016

Publications:
Final report (only German)

Projektbericht

Staudigel, M., C. Lingl, J. Roosen (2019). Preferences versus Environment. How Do School Fruit and Vegetable Programs Affect Children’s Fresh Produce Consumption? Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy 41: 742–763. https://doi.org/10.1111/aepp/ppy031

EEBatt – Interdisciplinary energy storage research

The Chair of Marketing and Consumer Research is engaged in this multi-disciplinary project by conducting customer-value analyses of private households and regional authorities. The analyses provide insights into potential business models and conclusions are drawn regarding relevant product requirements. In later stages, these findings are further evaluated in willingness-to-pay analyses and the investigation of product-related services. Furthermore, the risks and opportunities of these new technologies and business models will be analyzed.

Funding: Bavarian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Media, Energy and Technology

Funding period: May 2013 – Sept. 2016

Publications:

Kalkbrenner, B. J. (2019). Residential vs. community battery storage systems - Consumer preferences in Germany. Energy Policy 129: 1355-1363.

Kalkbrenner, B., K. Yonezawa, J. Roosen (2017). Consumer preferences for electricity tariffs: Does proximity matter? Energy Policy 107: 403-424.

Kalkbrenner, B., J. Roosen (2016). Citizens' willingness to participate in local renewable energy projects: The role of community and trust in Germany. Energy Research & Social Science 13: 60-70.

Local and Organic: Purchasing Motives and Behavior regarding Bavarian Organic Products

The aim of the project is to analyze consumers’ purchase behavior of with respect to Bavarian organic food. Purchasing motives and barriers that increase consumers uncertainty when buying organic food of local origin are measured. Also, the role and linkage of localness and organic in consumers’ perception is studied. Based on these research results recommendations for the marketing of local organic food in Bavaria are developed.

Funding: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten; Neumarkter Lammsbräu Gebr. Ehrnsperger KG; Ludwig Stocker Hofpfisterei GmbH

Funding Period: Sept. 2011 – Aug. 2013

Final Report: Regional und Bio: Kaufmotive und Kaufverhalten bei bayerischen Ökoprodukten (only German)

Publications:

Hasselbach, J.L., J. Roosen, 2015. Motivations behind preferences for local or organic food. Journal of International Consumer Marketing 27(4): 295-306. 14.

Hasselbach, J., J. Roosen, 2015. Consumer heterogeneity in the willingness to pay for local and organic food. Journal of Food Products Marketing 21(5), 608-625.


Recommendations for actions for an optimized Consumer Information Policy – exemplary for the Energy Sector

This joint project deals with the adjustment of consumer information provided by the government to the challenges of our times. Energy and electricity have been selected as area of application because they are relevant to society and topical for consumers. Consisting of two parts, the project first analyses stakeholder dialogues as a means to unveil the information need for a fast changing, personally relevant and emotional topic. The theme was discussed by different stakeholders and overlap of different opinions and interests was identified. The innovative approach called “Großgruppenveranstaltung” was used in this setting for the first time in Bavaria. Second, a consumer experiment was conducted to research the design of consumer information for it being perceived and processed by consumers and to lead to changes in attitude and behavior. Results of the joint project are concrete suggestions to improve consumer information in the field of energy and electricity, especially on the topic of Smart Meters, from the perspectives of both consumers and stakeholders. Additionally, the results can be generalized to make a statement on how to improve consumer information in general. 

Funding: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz

Funding Period: February 2014 - April 2015